In the complex and often tumultuous landscape of international relations, the specter of war crimes casts a long and haunting shadow. International law, designed to regulate the behavior of nations and individuals on the global stage, plays a pivotal role in addressing and prosecuting those responsible for heinous acts during armed conflicts. This article delves into the intricate realm of international law concerning war crimes, exploring its historical foundations, key principles, challenges, and the pursuit of justice amid the ravages of war.
Foundations of International Law: From Nuremberg to the Present
Nuremberg Trials: A Watershed Moment
The Nuremberg Trials following World War II marked a watershed moment in the development of international law related to war crimes. The trials set a precedent for holding individuals accountable for atrocities committed during armed conflicts, establishing the principle that “just following orders” is not a valid defense.